Architectural History

Under construction for 83 years, the Cathedral represents the vision of five esteemed architects and the effort of thousands of masons, sculptors, and other workers.

Architectural FAQs

What is the Cathedral made of?

The principal building material of the Cathedral is Indiana limestone, chosen because it is superior for both construction and carving.

How is the Cathedral structured?

The Cathedral is a solid masonry structure. The limestone blocks are laid one on top of the other, with mortar between them. The flying buttresses are also solid stone, and they help hold up the walls by bracing them. The roof is held up by a steel beam structure, but does not help hold up the rest of the Cathedral. If you removed the roof and booms, the Cathedral would stay standing.

Construction Dates

September 29, 1907, to September 29, 1990

Cathedral Architects

1907 – George Frederick Bodley
1907–1917 – Henry Vaughan
1921–1944 – Frohman, Robb & Little
1944–1972 – Philip H. Frohman

Cathedral Measurements

Length (outside): 517' 8"
Length (inside): 457' 8"
Width (outside across the nave aisles): 142' 6"
Width of transepts: 289' 9"
Height of west towers: 234'
Height of central tower: 301' 3"
Height of nave (inside): 102' 6"
Total weight: 150,000 tons
Total area: 83,012 sq. ft.

Parking at the Cathedral

Parking in the Cathedral’s underground garage is free on Sundays for services; parking for concerts and programs is available for an event-parking fee. Learn more about parking options for individuals and groups.